South Korea: Republic of Korea

On the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, South Korea officially known as the Republic of Korea, is a thriving and dynamic nation. In the north, it borders North Korea; to the west, the Yellow Sea; and to the east, the Sea of Japan (East Sea).

South Korea is a heavily populated country with a population of over 52 million people that is renowned for its technological breakthroughs, rich cultural legacy and quick economic progress. Seoul, the nation’s capital, is a thriving metropolis that serves as a showcase for the modernism and ingenuity of the nation. The city is not just the country’s political and economic core, but it is also a thriving centre of culture. The striking skyline contrasts imposing skyscrapers with historic palaces and temples. The city is renowned for its shopping areas, exciting nightlife and exquisite cuisine, which includes well-known delicacies like bibimbap, bulgogi and kimchi.

South Korea provides a wide variety of outstanding natural landscapes outside of Seoul including majestic mountain ranges, charming coastlines and serene countryside. Popular tourist locations include Jeju Island, a volcanic island renowned for its breath-taking scenery; Busan, a bustling port city noted for its beaches and seafood markets; and the medieval city of Gyeongju, renowned for its ancient temples and treasures.

South Korea’s technological strength is renowned with global technology behemoths like Samsung and LG. The nation’s cities have free Wi-Fi areas and cutting-edge digital services. Korean pop culture, known as K-Pop, and Korean dramas have taken the world by storm, captivating audiences globally.

In summary, South Korea is a fascinating nation with a vibrant modern culture, illustrious technological accomplishments, spectacular landscapes and a rich history, offering a unique fusion of culture and modernity that draws travellers from all around the world.




52 Million


Korean (official language), Japanese, English and Mandarin are widely spoken and understood

Time Zone



220v, 60Hz.


Korean Republic Won (KRW)

When to Go

A temperate climate with four distinct seasons can be found in South Korea. There are hot summers, cool autumns, chilly winters and moderate springs in the nation. Regional variances do, however, exist because to variations in height and distance from the sea.

Pack comfortable walking shoes as you may explore various attractions and walk a lot.

  • Spring and Autumn: Lightweight and layered clothing, including long-sleeved shirts, light jackets and sweaters.
  • Summer: Light, breathable clothing like T-shirts, shorts, dresses and sandals. Don’t forget a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen for sun protection.
  • Winter: Warm clothing such as sweaters, heavy coats, hats, scarves, gloves and thermal underlayers. Pack suitable footwear for snowy or icy conditions.

With a variety of shopping opportunities, South Korea is a shopper’s paradise. You’ll discover a variety of shopping alternatives, ranging from high-end fashion and luxury goods in department stores like Lotte and Shinsegae to chic shops and marketplaces. Don’t forget to visit well-known shopping areas like Seoul’s Myeongdong or the underground malls at metro stations.

South Korea is known for its advanced telecommunications infrastructure. You’ll find high-speed internet access and excellent mobile network coverage throughout the country. Staying connected and sharing your travel experiences is convenient and hassle-free.

Customs & Traditions

Confucian principles have had a significant impact on South Korean society. Respect for authority, filial piety, loyalty and hierarchy are valued traits. Confucian values emphasize the importance of maintaining harmonious relationships and fulfilling social responsibilities.

The Hangeul alphabet, which was developed in the 15th century, is specific to the Korean language. It is extensively used, and initiatives to protect and promote it are an important aspect of the nation’s cultural legacy.

A common way to welcome someone and demonstrate respect is to bow. It’s normal to bow gently when meeting someone for the first time or in a formal situation. The length of the bow varies according to the recipient’s age, status and degree of acquaintance.

It is considered polite to use both hands or the right hand while handing or receiving objects, notably money, business cards, or gifts, as a mark of respect and courtesies.

When dining with others, there are several dining etiquette practices to keep in mind. Wait for the eldest or most senior person to start eating before you begin.

Koreans are very welcoming of visitors from other countries, a fact that is reflected in the generous hospitality extended to guests.

South Korea is a country with diverse religious beliefs. The two major religions in South Korea are Buddhism and Christianity, with a significant portion of the population following one of these faiths.

In addition to Buddhism and Christianity, there are also smaller religious communities, and a portion of the population may identify as non-religious or practice indigenous folk beliefs. South Korea is known for its religious diversity and tolerance, with various faiths coexisting peacefully.

South Korea’s culture places a high value on music, which serves as a reflection of both its dynamic modern scene and its long history. The variety of genres, styles and traditions found in South Korean music appeal to a wide range of listeners both domestically and abroad.

“Gugak”, or traditional Korean music, has a long history that spans several centuries. With its unusual melodies, complex rhythms and use of traditional instruments, it captures the spirit of Korean culture.

During the Joseon dynasty, court music, or “jeongak,” was customarily performed in royal courts. It is played by orchestras with instruments like the ajaeng (bowed zither), janggu (hourglass-shaped drum), and daegeum (bamboo flute), and has lovely melodies.

K-pop stars like BTS, Blackpink, EXO and TWICE have a huge international fan base. These performers not only demonstrate their vocal and dancing skills, but also take part in composition and music production. K-pop has become a global phenomenon that affects everything from fashion to beauty trends to travel.